St. Thérèse of Lisieux

1873 – 1897
October 1 – Memorial
Liturgical Color: White
Patron Saint of florists, missions & aviators

A sensitive country girl confines herself to a convent and uncovers universal truths

Thérèse Martin was a weepy child of brittle emotions. She was easily offended and easily pleased. A furled brow or a sideways glance from her father would make her dissolve in tears. A beautiful flower or a kind word and she would beam a smile. She grew up in a brotherless home. Her father, an uncle, and priests were the men in her life. Her parents were canonized in 2015, the only married couple ever raised to the altars. Thérèse and her four sisters all became nuns, with the cause for beatification and canonization of her sister Léonie being opened in 2015. The Martin home was totally absorbed in the mysteries of God, prayer, saints, the Sacraments, and the Church.

Thérèse grew up in Normandy, a region of northern France. She left only once, to go on a month long pilgrimage to Italy, where she met Pope Leo XIII at a public audience and  begged his special permission to enter the Carmelites before the required age. On this trip she was also the object of some tender male glances. Conscious of her delicate emotions and the possibility of falling in love, upon returning from Italy Thérèse pulled every lever to enter her local Carmel. She finally did, at the age of fifteen, in 1888. She was given the religious name “of the Child Jesus” and received permission to adopt a second name too, “of the Holy Face.” Once the door of the convent shut behind her, it never reopened. Her short life ended there just a few years later. Thérèse was a dedicated nun who strictly followed the demanding Carmelite rule. She kept silence when required, avoided seeking out her blood sisters, fasted, ingratiated herself with nuns she did not naturally find sympathetic, and spent long hours in prayer and work.

In the convent her childish sweetness matured and hardened into a more durable spirituality. Her sensitivity mellowed. She was able to accept criticism. Her youthful presumption that all priests were as perfect as diamonds became more realistic and she prayed and sacrificed ardently for priests. The hard realities of convent life narrowed Thérèse’s spiritual goals. She no longer desired to be a great soul like Saint Joan of Arc. But with this narrowing came a deepening and a more concentrated focus. She decided she would be God’s heart, not his hands or feet or mind. She decided that the only way she could fly close to the blazing sun of the Holy Trinity would be to become small. Her petite voie (“little way” or “by small means”) was to spiritually reduce herself to a tiny creature carried in the claws of the divine eagle, Jesus Christ. As Christ soared in the heavens she would be in his grasp, going only where He could go, until she was burned up in the Father-Son-Spirit love of the fireball of the Trinity. Being tiny enough to be grasped by the Divine Eagle. There was no broad path or wide way. To be a great soul meant to be a little soul. The goal was to reduce oneself to nothing so the Lord could carry you, to remove the “self” from “oneself.”

When Thérèse’s sister Céline entered the convent in 1894 she was given permission to bring her camera. Céline’s pictures of Thérèse would be among the first ever taken of a saint. They complimented Thérèse’s letters and spiritual writings perfectly, heightening interest in Thérèse after she died. The intriguing photos and profound writings hinted at how the four walls of a convent often conceal secret depths. Saint Thérèse suffered intensely from tuberculosis before dying when many lives are just beginning. She was canonized in 1925, declared co-patron of France in 1944, and named the thirty-third Doctor of the Church by Pope Saint John Paul II in 1997, the youngest Doctor to date and probably the youngest the Church will ever recognize.

Saint Thérèse of the Child Jesus of the Holy Face, you discovered deep truths in a confined space. Your soul was fertile ground for the mysteries of our faith. Lend heavenly assistance to all who try to emulate your example of suffering, prayer, and tender dedication to God.

Further Reading:


Saint Wiki

New Advent


Franciscan Media

Catholic Online


All Saints for the Liturgical Year

Lessons from Saint Thérèse
The Wisdom of God’s Little Flower